Health and Safety Student Program
common hazards that exist in many workplaces. It is important
to learn about these hazards and how to work safely in
handling is not just about lifting heavy objects.
It includes any activity requiring the use of
force exerted by a person to lift, lower, push,
pull, hold or restrain a person, animal or thing.
boxes and other items on shelves, painting, gardening,
cleaning, writing and typing are some examples of manual
handling injuries include:
and back injury;
falls and crush incidents;
bruises and broken bones;
heart muscles; and
overuse syndrome (OOS), once known as RSI.
suffering a manual handling injury at work may
spend the rest of their lives coping with pain
and be unable to do a lot of things other people
a young worker you are more likely to be injured through
manual handling work than an older worker. Your body is
still developing and is less able to cope with strain.
should be informed and trained in:
manual handling injuries to young people can be prevented
by instruction, training and supervision. Safe work procedures
should be prepared by employers, with the help of employees,
to care for the special needs of young and inexperienced
manual handling methods;
manual handling hazards;
manual handling aids; and
right to ask for help.
though you may be young and new to the job, as a young
employee you have a responsibility to speak up if you
feel your job is too heavy, too difficult, too tiring
or puts you at risk of injury.
is the employer's responsibility to provide you
with safe work procedures, and with instruction,
training and supervision for manual handling tasks.
to reduce the risk:
loads (break loads into smaller quantities);
bending, twisting, reaching movements; and
muscle strain and fatigue. This includes warming up
before working, allocating time for rest breaks, and
allowing time to gradually get used to a new job.
substances are dangerous. How dangerous depends on the
type of substance, what it is made of, the way it enters
the body,and the amount of substance that enters the
workplace may use a lot of different hazardous substances.
Some may be things you see every day such as paint,
glue, cleaning liquid and powders.
hazardous substance can be any substance, whether
solid, liquid or gas, that may cause harm to you.
to health may occur suddenly, such as dizziness, nausea
anditchy eyes or skin; or it may occur gradually over
years, suchas dermatitis or cancer. Some people can be
more susceptible thanothers.
hazardous substances almost every day of our lives.
It may be antiseptic for a cut, paint for the walls,
or a cleaning product for the bathroom or toilet. They
may seem harmless, but even these ordinary things can
make you very sick if they are used incorrectly.
Safety Data Sheet
Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) provides detailed information
on a hazardous substance. It gives more details than
a label. MSDSs are provided for your employer by the
manufacturers and suppliers of hazardous substances.
Your employer must keep a register of all hazardous
substances at the workplace. Where you are to work with
certain hazardous substances the appropiate MSDSs should
be available near the work area for consultation when
the MSDS before you use the product. Always consult
with your supervisor before commencing work with any
substance you might be exposed to and ensure you get
proper training in its use.
you need more information on what you are using,
ask your supervisor or health and safety representative
for an MSDS.
It is important
that hazardous substances in workplaces are used according
manufacturer or supplier's written instructions, (the
safe work procedures.
aid treatment for hazardous substances should
be part of your training.
safe work procedures;
correctly wear the appropriate safety equipment provided
by your employer;
not eat, drink or smoke while working with a hazardous
not keep food or drink near the substance;
your hands and face and other exposed areas with soap
and water before going to the toilet or eating and
is the responsibility of your employer to provide
you with safe work procedures for handling hazardous
substances and to provide information, training